Intended Learning Outcomes (ILOs):

2.a. Knowledge and understanding:

   By the end of the course, students should be able to:


2.a.1. Define death and its phases, death like state, sudden death, brain death, and its ethics and implication, the cause, mechanism, mode, manner of death, medico legal deaths and the objectives of their investigation and their handling, postmortem changes and their importance in determining the time of death.


2.a.2. Describe unknown body identification whether living or dead; ages of medico legal importance in Egypt, methods of stains identification (blood, seminal and salivary stains), hairs, teeth, and their medico legal importance; illustrate the scientific basis of DNA typing and their medico legal importance.


2.a.3. Mention different types of wound patterns including regional injuries, mechanisms of death from wound, injuries due to physical agents (heat, cold and electricity), different types of asphyxia, causes and mechanisms of death associated with surgery and anesthesia.


2.a.4. Explain different types of sexual offences, methods of initiating pregnancy and their ethics; medico legal aspect of pregnancy, delivery, abortion, death and injury in infancy and childhood.


2.a.5. List types of malpractice, basic background of ethics of medical practice and bioethics.


2.a.6. Enumerate methods of torture, its causes and mechanisms of death especially child abuse.



2.b. Intellectual Skills:

                 By the end of the course, students should be able to:

2.b.1. Interpret common ethical dilemmas in medical practice and suggest a proper solution.

2.b.2. Analyze case scenario of clinical forensic medicine and forensic pathology and their medicolegal aspects.


2.c. Practical and Clinical Skills

                 By the end of the course, students should be able to:

2.c.1. Diagnose death by different clinical and investigatory methods.

2.c.2. Write death certificate according to the international form of medical certificate of the cause of death.

2.c.3. Identify living, dead individuals, sex and ages from bones and by using the X rays films.

2.c.4. Write medicolegal reports on different museum specimens.

2.c.5. Write a proper primary wound report on wounds photographs.

2.c.6. Write postmortem examination (autopsy) a report on a case scenario.


2.d.  General and transferable skills:-

By the end of the course, students should be able to:

2.d.1. Retrieve, manage, and manipulate information by all means, including electronic means, in a timely manner.

2.d.2. Use the sources of biomedical information and communication technology to remain current with advances in knowledge and practice.

2.d.3. Establish life-long self-learning required for continuous professional development.

2.d.4. Work effectively as a member or leader of a health care team or other professional group.

2.d.5. Communicate effectively with physicians, other health professionals, and health related agencies.

2.d.6. Demonstrate compassion, integrity, and respect for all patient's rights and treat all patients equally regardless to their believes, culture and behavior.