- Course contents:

 

TOPIC

 

Total No. of hours

practical

Tutorial/Practical

 

Epithelial tissue:

1-Properties of epithelium .

2-Types of epithelium:(covering -glandular -neuro epithelium & myoepithelium)

3-Examples and sites of each type.

4-Functional importance.

5-Modification of epithelial cell surfaces.

 

8

4

4

 

Connective tissue

1-general character of connective tissue proper.

2-constituents of CT (ground substance, fibers, cells).

3-structure , types and staining properties of CT fibers.

4-types of connective tissue proper and site of each:

1. loose (areolar) connective tissue .

2. white fibrous or tendinous connective tissue .

3. yellow elastic connective tissue

4. adipose connective tissue

5. reticular connective tissue

6. mucoid (myxomatous) connective tissue

 

8

4

4

 

Cartilage :

1-histological features of cartilage cells, fibers & matrix.

2-Types of cartilage and their specific histological features.

a-hyaline cartilage.

b. yellow elastic cartilage.

c. white fibro-cartilage.

 

 

 

 

Bone

1-General microscopic features of bone and how it can be studied histologically

2-Types (compact & spongy bone ): structure, sites,  and function.

3-Bone cells :structure (LM&EM) and functions .

4-Intercellular substance of bone .

5-The development and  ossification

12

6

6

 

Blood

1-red blood corpuscles (histological structure &function).

2- histological structure &function of granular leucocytes( neutrophil ,eosinophil , basophils).

3- histological structure &function of non granular  leucocytes (lymphocytes& monocytes).

4-differential leucocytic count

 5-blood platelets (histological structure &function).

6-haemopoiesis.

 7-myeloid tissue( inactive yellow bone marrow& active red bone marrow).

 

12

6

6

 

-Muscle tissue

1-General character and types .

2-skeletal muscle:

-general features &types of skeletal muscle fibers .

-organization of  skeletal muscle.

-functional ultrastructure of myofibrils& sarcomere.

-molecular structure of actin and myosin

-muscle contraction

-innervation of  skeletal muscle

-cardiac muscle

-general structure and functional relations.

-Intercalated discs

-Conducting system of the heart    

-moderator band

3-smooth muscle :

general structure, muscle contraction& innervation.

4- comparative study of three types of muscles.

5- growth and regenerative ability of muscular tissue .

12

6

6

 

      -Nervous tissue 

1-Structure of neuron (LM&EM) cell body, axon, ,dendrites

2- types  of nerve cells

3-types and structure of nerve fibers

th   4-organization of nerve fibers

5-mylination of CNS&PNS

6-nerve ganglia (types &structure).

7-synapses( structure and types)

8-degeneration and regeneration of neurons

9-stain used  to study nervous tissue including those of degeneration

10-Neuroglia structure and their functions

11-Types and structure of nerve endings (receptors and effector )

 

12

6

6

 

 CARDIOVASCULAR  SYSTEM

1-general structure of the wall of blood vessels

 2-Arteries: Large  , Medium-Sized& small (histological structure &function )

3-Veins ;Large  , Medium-Sized& small(histological structure &function )

4-histological structure of specialized arteries &veins.

5-arteriovenous connections :

 a-Capillaries histological structure and function

   b- Sinusoids

  c-arteriovenous anastomosis

6-Heart; histological structure of epicardium ,myocardium ,endocardium and valves

8

4

4

 

THE IMMUNE SYSTEM AND LYMPHOID ORGANS

1-structure of lymph vessels

2-distribution and structure of lymphoid tissue .

3-lymphatic organs:

a- Lymph Nodes (histological structure &function)

  b-Spleen(  histological structure &function&       microcirculation)

  c-Tonsils(histological structure &function)

  d-Thymus(histological structure &function)

  e-Mucosal immune system (histological structure &function) 

4-Mononuclear phagocytes

5-Cells involved in the immune system

6- Antigen presenting cells

8

4

4